What is Acne?Acne is a common skin disease, especially in adolescent men and women, named acne. According to statistics, adolescent young men have 95%, young women have 85% suffering from varying degrees of acne, so it is called acne is very appropriate. With the improvement of living standards, high nutritional food intake increased, people generally developed in advance of age. Girls 11-12 years old, boys 13-14 years old can occur acne, and the condition is more serious than before. Acne mostly in the head and face, chest, back and other sebaceous glands rich parts, that is, more skin parts of the skin. Clinical manifestations, such as blackheads, whitehead acne, pimples, pustules, nodules, cysts and so on. Chronic course of disease, one after another, individual patients and even skin surface formation of depression or hypertrophic scar.
The causes of acne are complexIn general, under the action of various factors, the hair follicle - sebaceous gland structure in the skin has changed. The hair follicles and sebaceous glands of the skin open the pores of the skin surface. Sebaceous glands pass the sebaceous glands into the hair follicles and are transported outside the pores to form an "oil film" on the skin surface. Oil film has a certain protective effect on the skin. For example, hair follicles - sebaceous glands are similar to a sewage system. After the dirt is produced, it is finally discharged through the pipe. If the pipe is blocked, or dirt generated too much, more than the pipeline discharge limits, it will lead to accumulation of dirt, and problems. The same reason, if the hair follicle or sebaceous duct obstruction, or sebum secretion strong, leading to accumulation of sebum in the hair follicle or sebaceous duct, it will form a white acne or blackheads. The accumulation of sebum became a bacterial breeding medium, a large number of bacteria will lead to local hair follicle inflammation. Inflammation is mild when skin acne is manifested as redness of inflammatory papules. When inflammation is heavier, skin acne forms more severe nodules or cystic acne. Even the final formation of acne scars and pimple. Of course, the factors that lead to acne far more than the above points. Endocrine factors, genetic factors, psychological factors, lifestyle and other factors will affect the occurrence and development of acne trends. Although acne does not endanger life, there is no great harm to health. But because of acne beauty on the appearance of the impact, often to patients with serious psychological impact, so in recent years by more and more people's attention.
How high is the prevalence of acne?
Acne is a common skin disease, its incidence in the end how high it? How many of them acne developed into acne scars? Epidemiological studies have shown that 80% to 90% of adolescents suffer from this disease. This is closely related to adolescent human development, hormone levels were significantly changed. Acne is not only occur in young people, foreign studies have shown that people over the age of 20 the incidence of acne were: 20 to 29 years old, 42.5% of men and 50.9% of women; 30 to 39 years old, male 20.1%, female 35.2%; 40 to 49 years old, male 12.0%, female 26.3%; 50 years old, male 7.3%, female 15.3%. It can be seen that acne not only has a higher morbidity in adolescence, but also has a higher morbidity after adolescence. And the incidence of acne in women after adolescence is higher than that of men. This may be related to female hormone levels, menstrual cycle, mental stress and the use of cosmetics. In the clinical work of the hospital, we also found that the phenomenon: a lot of 30 years old, or even 40-year-old patients to see facial skin problems, check the results is typical of acne. If the patient said they had acne, they also jokingly said that their youth has long gone, how long also acne? Therefore, do not mistakenly believe that acne only in puberty, puberty will fade after, rather than treatment, delayed the treatment of acne time. Delaying the timing of acne treatment, or improper treatment of acne, is likely to aggravate the severity of acne and even form acne scars, called permanent scars on the face.
Is acne related to character?
The occurrence of acne is certainly related to character. Personality is the sum of a person's psychological characteristics, the incidence of acne and psychological factors are closely related. In turn, get acne and acne scars will also have a greater impact on the patient's psychological, the formation of a vicious circle. Studies have shown that when the body is in a bad mood (such as depression, anxiety) state, the body will increase the body's adrenocorticotropic hormone levels, causing elevated androgen levels. Androgen promotes the sebaceous glands to secrete sebum, and the role of hair follicle epithelium keratinization, leading to high levels of sebaceous glands and pores that eventually cause acne and acne scars to occur. Acne and acne scars on the character and psychological impact is also very obvious. Acne and acne scars can cause patients to produce anxiety, depression, increase the psychological pressure of patients, the formation of inferiority, irritability, shy, eccentric. Over time, can lead to sleep disorders, social avoidance, which seriously affect the patient's social activities and quality of life. Often the more severe acne and acne scars, the greater the impact on the patient's psychological. The patient may fall into a vicious circle of negative emotions - acne - negative emotions. Therefore, we can not ignore the relationship between mental factors and acne, acne scar. How to cancel acne? How to remove acne scar First, when dealing with acne and acne scars, keep an optimistic and cheerful mind that will play an adjunctive therapeutic role.
Is Acne Related to Diet?
The occurrence of acne and diet are also relevant. People often say that disease from the mouth, unhealthy diet will become the burden on the human body, is one of the causes of many diseases, such as hypertension, coronary heart disease, diabetes. So, people suffering from acne and acne scars, What should eat? What should not eat? First, we need to know which foods cause acne. The most closely related with acne is the "three high", that is, high-calorie, high irritation, high sugar content of food, such as fat, fried food, chocolate, candy. These high-calorie, high-energy foods are delicious, but when the intake of fat, sugar, more than the body's metabolic capacity, it will cause pore blockage, to form acne, or even to develop into acne scars. This unhealthy diet will stimulate the body's endocrine system, cause increased levels of androgen, promote sebum secretion increased actively, whereby the openings (pores) of the hair follicle are blocked. Then, a large number of bacteria grow in the hair follicle, inducing an inflammation, resulting in the most basic form of acne damage - inflammatory papules. The long-term development of acne, acne scars will form to result in permanent skin damage. Therefore, in order to avoid the appearance of acne, in order to avoid acne worsening, usually best to eat more vegetables and fruits, less foods in the "three-high", change the bad habits of life, if necessary, appropriate intake of vitamins and other health products for your skin. Of course, we are not saying that three high diets will definitely cause acne and acne scars. This is also related to personal fitness and other factors. Diet is just one of the factors leading to acne and acne scars. Some of the more severe acne and acne scars can not be treated only by diet, otherwise it will delay the acne condition.
Is acne associated with menstruation?
Acne must be related to menstruation. Many female patients, often in the menstrual a few days before facial acne increased; and after menstruation to reduce the next menstrual before the increase, repeated so. Many people think that menstruation is a detoxification process, and developed a series of menstrual period health Raiders. So why is the acne aggravated and reduced with the menstrual cycle showing a cyclical change? This is related to the cyclical changes in androgen levels in women. Female androgen Yes, that is, female androgen in the body. In fact, regardless of men and women, the body there are androgen and estrogen. And the so-called androgen and estrogen are not a single hormone, but a group of hormones. Androgen and estrogen in men and women in the body of their duties. The main role of androgen is to promote growth and development, promote and maintain the second sexual sign, stimulate sexual desire. In addition, it has previously mentioned to promote sebaceous gland secretion function, promote the role of hair follicle keratosis. In addition to the normal menstrual cycle androgen changes, there is a special case in female patients, that is, patients with hyperandrogenism status, mainly seen in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome. Polycystic ovary syndrome in patients with androgen levels were significantly higher than the normal population, they not only have severe acne, but also accompanied by menstrual disorders, hirsutism, obesity, hyperactivity, infertility and other symptoms, B ultrasound examination shows ovarian enlargement , Multiple cystic follicles. After appropriate drug treatment, patients with symptoms of hyperandrogenism disappeared, sebaceous gland secretion decreased, acne will be reduced.
Is acne related to rest time?
Acne is associated with an unhealthy routine. With the development of society, today 's people' s pace of life to speed up, learning, work pressure; There are young people addicted to the game, the network, stay up all night, overtime has become a commonplace for young people. Some people stay up late after the emergence of acne, or the original acne aggravated, and may appear lack of energy, physically weak, mouth sores and other physical condition of the poor warning signal. Stay up all night so that the body of the toxins are not discharged, resulting in disease. This toxin represents a series of functional disorders, manifested as endocrine systems, immune system disorders, leading to the occurrence of acne. Over time, the human body immunity, fatigue, constipation, headache, insomnia and other symptoms will appear, which will increase the acne condition. Adequate sleep is the premise and safety of healthy skin, so should develop a healthy schedule.
How to get rid of Acne?
Acne is a common disease that now plagues teenagers. Patients will have different degrees of psychological problems, in fact, do not worry too much. We want everyone to know more about acne and treat acne correctly. Through the previous narrative, we have a certain understanding of acne, acne is known to be a young age of multiple skin diseases. Acne is a chronic inflammation of the hair follicle sebaceous glands, associated with a variety of factors. Long-term development will become acne scar, the formation of permanent facial damage. The treatment of acne is quite complicated. In general, if the condition is mild, should be from the diet, mood conditioning and other aspects to be noted. Do a light diet, eat spicy, greasy and sweets; keep the mood comfortable, to avoid staying up late. If the condition is heavy, you should go to the hospital for treatment, with the doctor treatment, like a doctor's advice. Do not squeeze, pull the skin lesions. Because traumatic lesions can lead to inflammation expansion, delayed healing, may appear in the late obvious acne scar. At the same time, but also the correct use of skin care products or cosmetics, according to the recommendations of doctors choose to control oil, anti-inflammatory and other anti-acne effect of cleansing and skin care products. Can be daily with warm water, sulfur soap wash the affected area, dry after the application of acne treatment.
What is the most effective way to get rid of acne?
There are many ways to get rid of acne and acne scars. But an incorrect treatment may lead to acne aggravating and even form acne scars and pimple. Acne skin cream is the most commonly used method to get rid of acne and acne scars, and is also the most simple and most convenient method. An effective skin cream is considered to be at least able to control acne, not to aggravate the acne and never promote the formation of acne scar. Therefore, choosing the right acne skin cream is particularly important. For mild acne, we need to use acne skin cream, with a balanced diet, regular rest, good mood. For the more obvious inflammation of the acne, in addition to the use of skin cream, but also oral antibiotics, and even oral herbs. For severe acne, to use an integrated approach to treatment, in addition to commonly used skin cream and medication, or even herbal mask, herbal fumigation, acupuncture and other treatment. For acne scar, you can use long-term skin cream, with the pulse dye laser, dot laser, skin grinding and other treatment methods to improve and repair the acne scar. When you have got rid of acne scars, still need a long time to use skin cream to help improve the skin and repair.
Can acne be got rid of?
There are many factors of acne morbidity, treatment has some difficulties. But by improving their own way of life, choose a reasonable treatment, acne can be cured or improved. First of all, for the prevention of acne to the main, to maintain an optimistic, positive attitude, a correct view of acne, to maintain a healthy diet and diet, bogey "three high" diet and stay up all night. Second, red inflammation during the period, the patient to control their own hands, do not frequently squeeze the rash. In most cases, severe acne is associated with the patient's own random squeeze. Without disinfection of the hand or equipment, not professional approach, it is easy to crush the rash when the deep tissue, and ultimately lead to scar. Again, to use warm water, sulfur or other anti-fat anti-inflammatory ingredients of the soap wash the affected area, which can partially inhibit the secretion of sebaceous glands. Finally, should be to the regular medical treatment. Improper treatment will not only improve the condition, but also may aggravate the condition.